Plants in Spanish
Language Resources

Trees, plants and flowers / Los árboles, las plantas y las flores

Whether you are going to buy a bunch of flowers for a Spanish friend or whether you have to tell a doctor that you are allergic to a certain type of pollen in Spain, this list will be of great help to you, and it will be useful in many other situations besides. In it, you will find the names of the main plant, flower and tree species that you might want to know in Spanish. Of course, this is by no means a comprehensive list of every kind of plant life in the world, but it is intended as a basic level starter which will give you simple terms which you can build on later if you have a particular interest in talking about this kind of thing.

You will equally see that the list we have put together includes the names for both the different parts of plants and different types of vegetation. Of course, some of these words will surprise you given their similarities to the equivalent English terms, because they are closely related and therefore quite easy to learn. As you can see, learning vocabulary in Spanish really is not difficult when it comes to words that are similar like this, so you should be able to get them into your mind quite easily – and then be able to recall them quite easily when it comes to it as well.

In what situations might you need to know words to describe plants, flowers, and trees? Well, if you visit a national park in any Spanish speaking country it is likely that you will have a guide describing things to you, or at least be able to read some pamphlets or other information about the park and what to look out for when you are there. If someone wants to buy you some flowers or give you a gift which has a floral scent, you will need to tell them what your favourite flower is – and vice versa if it is you that is doing the buying. If you are allergic to pollen or to particular types of plants then it can be particularly important that you get that information across as soon as possible to those who need to know in order to either treat your allergy or prevent it from flaring up. When you think about it, there are plenty of situations in which it might arise!

Tree
Bush
Plant
Flower

Leaf
Stem
Thorn
Root
Petal
Pollen

Oak
Elm
Cedar
Beech
Chestnut
Palm
Cactus

Rose
Tulip
Daisy
Violet
Carnation
Lily
Sunflower
Daffodil
Poppy
Lilac

El arbol
El arbusto
La planta
La flor

La hoja
El tallo
La espina
Una raíz
Un pétalo
El pólen

El roble
El olmo
El cedro
La haya
El castaño
La palmera
El cactus

La rosa
El tulipán
La margarita
La violeta
El clavel
La azucena / El lirio
El girasol
El narciso
La amapola
La lila