Spanish Future Tense
Language Resources

The Spanish future tense is most often used to refer to events that have not happened yet, just as we employ the word "will" (he will eat, we will go, they will call, etc) in English. There are also a couple of other uses, which we'll get to a bit later.

Forming the Spanish Future Tense

One of the best parts about the future tense is that it is without a doubt the easiest tense to conjugate. Why? Because all three types of verbs (-ar, -er and -ir) utilize the same endings; those endings are attached right on to the end of the infinitive (the original, unconjugated verb).

Notice in the table below that the very same endings are tacked on to the end of all three types of infinitives (in this case, the infinitives are amar, vender, and dormir).

Future tense endings -ar verbs
AMAR (to love)
-er verbs
VENDER (to sell)
-ir verbs
DORMIR (to sleep)
yo
(I)
amaré
I will love
venderé
I will sell

dormiré
I will sleep


(you)
-ás

amarás
you will love

venderás
you will sell
dormirás
you will sleep
él/ella
(he/she)
amará
he/she will love
venderá
he/she will sell
dormirá
he/she will sleep
nosotros/as
(we)
-emosamaremos
we will love
venderemos
we will sell
dormiremos
we will sleep
vosotros/as
(you all)
-éisamaréis
you all will love
venderéis
you all will sell
dormiréis
you all will sleep
ellos/as
(they)
-ánamarán
they will love
venderán
they will sell
dormirán
they will sleep

When to Use the Spanish Future Tense

The Spanish future tense is used...

  • To refer to events in the future.
    • El año que viene, viajarán a Argentina. (Next year they will travel to Argentina.)
    • Iré al gimnasio mañana por la mañana. (I will go to the gym tomorrow morning.)
  • To indicate probability or likelihood.
    • Serán las doce. (It's probably 12 o'clock.)
    • Estará leyendo. (She's most likely reading.)
  • To convey an intense command.
    • Comerás las vegetales. (You WILL eat your vegetables.)
    • Volverás a casa antes de las 12. (You WILL come home before 12 o'clock)

Irregular Verbs in the Spanish Future Tense

Irregular verbs are, in a nutshell, those verbs which don't quite follow the same rules as other regular verbs. While regular verbs are conjugated into the future tense by taking the infinitive and adding the endings, those same endings are added on to a slightly altered root with irregular verbs. Below you'll find a few of the most commonly used irregular verbs in the future tense:

  • decir (to say): diré, dirás, dirá, dirámos, diráis, dirán
  • poder (to be able): podré, podrás...
  • poner (to put): pondré, pondrás...
  • querer (to want): querré, querrás...
  • saber (to know): sabré, sabrás...
  • salir (to go out): saldré, saldrás...
  • tener (to have): tendré, tendrás...
  • venir (to come): vendré, vendrás...

Keep in mind that irregular verbs in the future tense are generally also irregular in the conditional tense.